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2018年同等学力申硕英语考试真题一(完整版)

2019-09-12 15:20       来源:    http://www.zzyjs.com

Part I Oral Communication(10 points)

Section A

Directions:In this section there are two incomplete dialogues and each dialogue has three blanks and three choicesA,B and C,taken from the dialogue.Fill in each of the blanks with one of the choices to complete the dialogue and mark your answer on the Answer sheet.

Dialogue One

A. How about you?

B. Wanna join us?

C. It’s a long weekend.

Tina: I’m so glad the weekend’s finally here.

Lewis: Me too. Imagine!(1)We’ve got three days in a row.

Tina: So, where’re you going?

Lewis: I don´t have any plan yet. I’ll just play it by ear.(2)

Tina: We’re going to go hiking and camping in the mountains.

Lewis: That sounds exciting!

Tina:(3)

Lewis: Hm, let me think about it. Fll let you know later.

Dialogue Two

A.And I’d like the cheapest flight available.

B.What is your destination?

C.And when will you be returning?

Travel Agent: Freedom Travel. How can I help you?

Caller: Yes, I’d like to make a flight reservation for the twenty-third of this month.

Travel Agent: Okay. 4 .     

Caller: Well. I’m flying to Helsinki, Finland.

Travel Agent: Okay. Let me check what flights are available. 5 .  

Caller: Uh, well, I’d like to catch a return flight on the twenty-ninth.6 .

Travel Agent: Okay. Let me see. Um, that’s flight 1070 from Salt Lake City to New York, Kennedy Airport, transferring to flight 90 from Kennedy to Helsinki. It’s only $980. Caller: Alright, let’s go with that.

Section B

Directions:In this section there is one incomplete interview which has four blanks and four choices A,B,C andD,taken from the interview.Fill in each of the blanks with one of the choices to complete the interview and mark your answer on the Answer sheet.

A.I think the big difference is,

B.What have you done to make this yours?

C.how they look in the Oval Office.

D.you don’t need so much heart.

On Donald Trump ’s 100th day as U.S. president,he spoke with“Face the Nation ”host and Chief Washington Correspondent John Dickerson.

Dickerson: What’s the difference between negotiating in Washington versus negotiating in business?

Trump: Well,7for what we’re doing here, Washington, you really need heart, because you´re talking about a lot of people. Whereas business,8You want to make a good deal.

Dickerson: Every president makes the Oval Office theirs.9.

Trump: Well, a lot of things. We had these incredible flags including the American flags.The Coast Guard flag over here. And I said,“Well, let’s see 10 So the flags were up. The picture of Thomas Jefferson I put up. The picture of Andrew Jackson I put up because they said his campaign and my campaign tended to mirror each other. So we did a lot of—actually we did a lot of work. It’s--it s a much different—look than it was previously.

Part II Vocabulary(10 points)

Directions: In this part there are ten sentences, each with one word or phrase underlined. Choose the one from thefour choices marked A, B, C and D that best keeps the meaning of the sentence. Mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

11.According to the minister, measures are being taken to introduce more diversity into the education system.

A.differenceB.adversityC.unityD.variety

12.He would once in a whilelose his temper when he found himself involved in an argument.

A.rarelyB.oftenC.occasionallyD.seldom

13.Intuitionis something that cannot be proven, but many people believe in it and use it for decision making.

A.InstinctB.IntelligenceC.RationalityD.Experience

14.A global company must be sensitive to the cultures and customs of the countries where it operates.

A.patientB.generousC.emotionalD.responsive

15.At last John Smith stepped downas the company´s CEO and returned to his roots in software research.

A.retired B.resigned C.revived D.reacted 

16.Immersedin their experiment, they had no idea what happened just outside their lab.

A.Concentrated B.Addicted C.Absorbed D.Committed 

17.Last month the government initiated a public debate on the future direction of the sport policy. 

A.transmitted B.followed C.promoted D.launched

18.My beard started to grow, and I unwillingly complied with the order to shave it off.

A.considered B.questioned C.supported D.observed

19.As the fighting intensified ,the chances of any peace deal diminished .

A.decreased B.changed C.disappeared D.expanded

20.However superficiallyappealing such an idea might appear, it was irrational and reckless.

A.possibly B. seemingly C. apparently . practically

Part III Reading Comprehension(25 points)

Section A

Directions:In this section,there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements,each with foursuggested answers A,B,C and D.Choose the best answer and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

Alice Paul Tapper was on a fourth-grade field trip last year when she noticed something that bothered her. The girls were standing in the back of the room, listening politely as the guide spoke. The boys crowded together in the front. They raised their hands to respond to questions, even if they didn´t know the answer. Alice, 10, often doesn’t raise her hand in class, even if she’s pretty sure she knows the answer. She’s nervous she’ll get it wrong and fed embarrassed. On that field trip, she figured a lot of other girls were probably keeping quiet, too.

Alice told her mom what she saw. They talked about how girls are often told to be quiet and polite, while boys are encouraged to be bold and assertive. Alice and her mom talk about that kind of thing a lot. She wants boys and girls to have the same opportunities. “Girls are important, and their ideas are important,”Alice says. “They should be heard.”

Alice’s mom is the leader of Alice’s Girl Scout troop,in Washington, D.C. She and Alice brought the issue up at their next Girl Scout meeting. Alice found she was right. The other girls said they, too, sometimes hesitated to raise their hands, and they worried that this could hold them back in life. Alice wanted to change that. uIf a girl raises her hand, it,s one step toward becoming a great leader,”she says. Alice’s troop decided to ask the Girl Scouts organization to create a new patch. The new patch was introduced in October 2017. It is called the Raise Your Hand patch. To earn it, a girl has to do three things. She must pledge to raise her hand in class when she thinks she knows the answer--even if she´s not 100% sure. She must recruit three girls to make the same pledge. And she must talk about how raising her hand makes her feel.

So far, more than 5,400 girls have earned the Raise Your Hand patch. They live in every state in the U.S., plus Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, and Ireland. “Girls are powerful,” Alice says. “They should raise their hands so they can release the power inside them.” 

21. What bothered Alice on her field trip last year? 

A.The guide was impolite to the girls. 

B.There were more boys than girls. 

C.The boys made trouble as the guide spoke.

D.The girls were less responsive than the boys.

22.Girls often don´t raise their hands in class because they.

A.don´t know the answer pretty well

B.don´t want to get too much attention

C.are taught to be quiet and polite

D.are given fewer chances than boys

23.The Raise Your Hand patch was created to.

A.encourage girls to speak up

B.improve girls’ talent for organization

C.call for more support from girls

D.highlight the importance of girls

24.The Raise Your Hand patch.

A.has helped girls become leaders

B.is popular in some states in the U.S.

C.is spreading all over the world

D.has attracted thousands of girls

25.Which of the following can be the best title of the passage?

A.A Show of Hands

B.A Campaign for Equality

C.The Girl Scouts Organization

D.The Story of a New Patch

Passage Two

Stephen Having was born on 8 January. 1942 and grew up in St Albans,the eldest of four brothers and sisters. His father was a research biologist and his mother a medical research secretary, so it was not surprising that he was interested in science. As a student he was drawn to physics and maths as he believed they offered the most fundamental insights into the world. But nothing marked him out as special from his classmates or in his first terra at Oxford University.

Stephen got first in Physics from Oxford, and started a PhD at Cambridge. His own private universe expanded when he proposed to his future wife. Jane was also from St Albans , and was a modem languages undergraduate. She had met Hawking at a New Year’s party, before his diagnosis. The couple decided to marry quickly, because they did not know how long Stephen bad to live. As Stephen’s health deteriorated, he took to walking with stick.

Hacking escaped the limits of his disability by training his mind to work in a new way. As he started to lose the use of his limbs, he developed a way of visualizing problems in his mind to reach a solution instead of by writing equations .Some of his colleagues have suggested that this way of thinking has led to his greatest discoveries. Hawking was now working on one of science’s most bizarre ideas-black holes, an extreme prediction of Einstein’s general theory of relativity.

Hawking’s work on black boles helped prove the idea of a “Big Bang” at the birth of the Universe. Developed in the 1940s, Big Bang theory was still not accepted by all scientists. Working with mathematician Roger Penrose. Hawking realized that black holes were like the Big Bang in reverse—and that rneant the maths he´d used to describe black boles also described the Dig Bang. It was a key moment in showing the Big Bang really happened.

As his body deteriorated ,Hawking’s career was taking off.

26.Hawking developed an early interest in science because.

A.his brothers and sisters loved it

B.he took related lessons as a kid

C.he excelled in maths and physics

D.his parents influenced him

27.What can be learned about Hawking´s wife Jane?

A.She and Hawking came from the same place.

B.She and Hawking went to the same school.

C.She married Hawking on New Year’s Day.

D.She didn’t know of his disease before their marriage.

28.Hawking’s self-trained way of working  .    

A.helped the recovery of his health

B.required a lot of equation writing

C.relied heavily on mental images

D.was copied by his colleagues

29.The following statements about the Big Bang theory are true EXCEPT .

A.Hawking was its founder

B.it was connected with black holes

C.Hawking’s research supported it

D.not all scientists agreed with it

30.As a leading figure in science, Hawking.

A.lived for fifty-five years

B.wrote many best-selling novels

C.led some organizations for the disabled

D.fought against his disease most of his life

Passage Three

Imagine that you’re a fly. You’re just looking for a place to rest,when you see a nice pink leaf. That looks like a nice place to land. As you rest your feet on the leaf, you notice something strange .This leaf is hairy. You begin to make your move, but you trigger the plant’s reaction. Snap! In one-tenth of a second, you are caught in the Venus flytrap. You will be digested in five to twelve days. Out of about 391,000 plant species in the world, only 600 or so are carnivorous. We call them this because they attract, trap ,and eat bugs. Like other plants, they get energy from the sun. But unlike other plants, they get their nutrients from their prey (猎物).Carnivorous plants live in places where the soil lacks nutrients. Most plants get nutrients from the soil. Carnivorous plants have turned to other sources. Pitcher plants trick their prey into landing on them. They offer nectar (花蜜)bribes to the foolish insects that would take them. True to their name, pitcher plants have deep chambers. Their landing surface is slippery. They have inward pointing hairs, making it hard to escape. The fly lands on the pitcher plant to eat but slips into a pit filled with digestive fluids.

Corkscrew plants have inviting stems. Curved hairs line the inside of these stems. These hairs allow insects to go up the stems, but not back. Going forward leads to the plant´s stomach. Bugs who wander into the corkscrew plant find that they are unable to escape. They must march to their own death.

And then there are the bladderworts. They live in water and float near the surface. Their traps are like small bladders( 囊状物)hidden beneath the water. Only their flowers are visible from the surface. When bugs swim into the trigger hairs, the plant reacts. The bladder sucks up the prey and the water surrounding it. The prey will be digested within hours.

 

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